This chapter usually presents the review of the literature related to
the study and the implications drawn for the present study. The implications should match with the details of the actual study
presented in the next chapter, Research Design.
Each chapter should begin with an introduction, a paragraph summarising the details presented in the chapter. A sample write
up covering the review chapter is presented here. Links are provided for the details of the chapter.
Review of Related Literature
This chapter begins with a discussion about the nature of writing. Understanding what writing is, how it is
different from speech and what factors affect written communication is necessary to devise effective techniques to teach and test
writing. After this enquiry into the processes involved in written communication, a review of the teaching techniques is
undertaken. This includes an analysis of the types of themes assigned to the learners and the procedures of instruction in writing
from the time of Iscocrates to the present. This analysis helps in drawing the implications for teaching writing. The next
section of the chapter reviews the testing of writing. Essay tests are first analysed in detail and their drawbacks are pointed
out. This is followed by an analysis of the interlinear tests, the objective tests and the pragmatic tests and a comparative study
of these tests helps in drawing implications for testing writing. Finally, a review of a number of significant studies of
research in writing from 1900 to 1986 is undertaken and the overall implications for the present study are worked out.
2.1 The nature of
It is important to identify the skills involved in written communication to devise effective techniques to teach and test writing. To
identify the skills we need to know what writing actually involves. Hence this section reviews the processes involved in writing, the
difference between speech and writing and the factors that affect written communication.
To continue to read about teaching and testing writing checkout the following links:
Research in Writing